A Cat® skid steer loader is one of the most versatile and sought-after machines on the market. With a wide variety of models to work with, choosing the right one can be a challenge — and so can operating it if you’re not familiar with the controls and capabilities. An industry leader like H.O. Penn will help you determine the best choice for your needs and guide you on how to operate your Cat skid steer to maximize its longevity and productivity.
Selecting the Right Skid Steer
The jobs you can complete with Cat skid steers are extensive. The most suitable model for your needs depends on various factors:
- The Operating Capacity You Need: The operating capacity refers to the weight a skid steer loader can handle. Various skid steer models have different operating capacities, ranging from a small, compact model that might lift around 700 pounds to a larger model that can comfortably handle over 3,000 pounds. Determining the weight of the materials your tasks involve will help you choose the appropriate Cat skid steer model.
- The Terrain You Typically Work In: Skid steers are versatile vehicles able to operate on a variety of terrains. However, some models are better suited to specific terrain types than others. For instance, wheeled skid steers can function optimally on hard surfaces like concrete, whereas skid steers with tracks (compact track loaders) tend to perform better on soft or uneven ground such as sand, mud, or snow. Knowing the terrain you’ll routinely navigate aids in selecting the most suitable skid steer model.
- The Attachments You Plan to Use: Cat skid steer loaders possess the capability to use a wide array of attachments like buckets, pallet forks, backhoes, augers, and more, which significantly extend their functionality. The type of jobs and the auxiliary equipment you want to use will dictate the skid steer setup you require. Ensure the model you choose can accommodate the specific attachments necessary for your tasks.
- The Radial or Vertical Lifting Application: Lift types define the movement path of a skid steer’s lift arms. Radial lift machines (usually smaller models) are ideal when the work requires more reach at the midpoint of the lift capacity like digging. On the other hand, vertical lift models (typically larger machines) maintain their reach throughout the entire lifting capacity, making them perfect for tasks such as loading and unloading materials at height. Your lifting needs for a project will guide your choice between a radial or vertical lift skid steer model.
Understanding these factors and how they align with your work conditions and requirements will ensure you select the most efficient Cat skid steer model for your needs.
Understanding Skid Steer Controls
One fundamental aspect of effectively operating a Cat skid steer is to familiarize yourself with the controls. While specific functionalities can slightly vary from model to model, here’s a general breakdown of the primary control features:
- Joysticks: Skid steers are equipped with two joysticks. The joystick on the left typically controls the steering and forward/reverse movements, while the joystick on the right manages the operation of the bucket or attachment. Pushing the right joystick forward usually results in lowering the bucket, pulling back raises it, moving it to the left dumps the bucket, and moving it to the right scoops with the bucket.
- Foot Pedals: Some skid steer models use foot pedals instead of or in addition to hand controls. The right pedal controls the forward and backward movement of the machine. The left pedal usually operates the lift and tilt functions of the loader arm and attachment.
- Throttle: Located on the console, this control adjusts the engine speed. It may come as a throttle lever or a rotary dial that can be turned clockwise to increase engine speed and counter-clockwise to decrease it.
- Switches and Buttons: Skid steer loaders often have a variety of switches and buttons, each with a specific purpose. There’s often a parking brake switch, attachment control switch, and hydraulic quick coupler switches. Some models may also have an auxiliary hydraulic flow control button, which modifies the hydraulic flow to the attachment to suit different working conditions or attachment requirements.
- Instrument Panel: Your skid steer’s instrument panel delivers vital operation and maintenance data. Keep an eye on this display for readouts on engine speed, engine temperature, fuel levels, and system warnings.
Remember, each Cat skid steer model may have unique controls or variations, so it’s essential to read and understand the operator’s manual specific to your machine.
Knowing these controls and their functions will help ensure safety, efficient operation, and maximum productivity. Always remember that practice makes perfect– the more you familiarize yourself with the controls and use the skid steer, the more comfortable and efficient you’ll become.
How to Operate a Skid Steer
Since these machines are so versatile, operating a skid steer calls for model-specific training. Here are some general skid steer operating tips to keep in mind:
- Make time for training. As with all heavy machinery, training is vital. Prioritize it before operating machinery and schedule time for refresher courses on the standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
- Prep the site for safety. The site needs safety barricades, warning signs and convex mirrors before digging commences. Operators should also wear personal protective gear.
- Enter and exit with caution. It’s best to use three points of contact when entering a skid. Keep handles and steps grease-free, and be careful of conditions like mud, ice or wetness.
- Prioritize communication. Your team should use radios or a system of hand signals during operation to maximize safety.
- Study the steering controls. Skid steers have different controls, like joysticks and pedals. Each model will be unique, so make time for training.
- Drive carefully. Remember that loaded vehicles typically have the right of way. Keep a three-vehicle distance between other equipment during operation. When you need to stop, do so carefully — sudden stops affect stability and can cause tip-overs. There’s limited visibility when reversing, so it’s best to use a spotter and backup camera for safety.
- Use built-in safeguards. Skid steers come with safety features all operators should be familiar with. Examples include interlocking and rollover protective structures. Skid steers also have side screens, seat belts and locking systems to prevent accidental deployment.
Partner With H.O. Penn for Expert Skid Steer Guidance
H.O. Penn has over 100 years of industry experience and six convenient locations, making us the go-to Cat dealer for New York and Connecticut. Our expert team is ready to assist you with your operational requirements.